This course will examine the representations of women in early Christianity,
focusing primarily on the first four centuries of Christian history. Students
will be introduced to constructions of sex and gender in ancient Greek and Roman
philosophy and medical literature and the role of women in contemporaneous pagan
and Jewish cultures. From there the course will focus on intra-Christian conflicts
involving the role of women, in particular, martyrdom, orthodoxy and heresy, and
asceticism. Throughout the course, students will wrestle with the problem of using
ancient sources to determine social practice.